Military Schools in California

There are four currently K-12 operating military schools in California—two private/independent and two public/charter—that are accredited by recognized agencies. Read this article to find out more about military schools in California.

 An Overview

The four military K-12 schools currently operating in California and having accreditation from recognized agencies reflect the changing history of the military school in the United States. For many years, military school has been primarily a private, all-male, boarding school experience, but this is not longer true: public military schools are springing up across the country in the form of charter schools, thereby offering an alternative choice to public school students for a school with a different environment and atmosphere.

These school all have some similarities: they can generally be considered college preparatory schools (even though St. Catherine’s is for younger students)—that is, they foster an environment of academic excellence and high expectations for students to develop and exhibit personal character and leadership abilities.

This set of four military schools also has some important differences. Let’s get an overview of these military schools in California to help distinguish them.

• Army and Navy Academy is an all-boys military school in Carlsbad, California, serving grades 7 through 12 and accepting both day and boarding students. It is accredited by both the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) and the California Association of Independent Schools (CAIS). It was founded in 1910. It claims a 10–1 student–teacher ratio and a curriculum based on the entrance requirements of the University of California.

• California Military Institute is a coeducational public charter school in Perris, California, serving grades 7 through 12 students who live in four counties: Imperial, Orange, Riverside, and San Diego. It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). It was founded in 2002. Although recently founded, CMI students have excelled on the California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE)

• Oakland Military Institute is a coeducational public charter school in Oakland, California, serving grades 6 through 12. It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). It was founded in 2001 by Jerry Brown, who was the Mayor of Oakland at the time, as a school that would combine high academic expectations with emphasis on character, conduct, leadership, and patriotism. It was the first charter school approved by the California State Board of Education.

• St. Catherine’s Academy is a military school for boys in Anaheim, California, serving grades kindergarten through 8 and accepting both day and boarding students. It enrolls about twenty percent international students. It is accredited by the Western Catholic Education Association and the Western Association of Schools And Colleges (WASC) and is a member of the Association of Military Colleges and Schools. It was founded in 1889. It is distinguished as being the only US grade school that combines Catholic and military tradition.

Military Schools in Texas

Once the home of as many as thirty military schools, Texas now has two accredited military schools that serve K–12 students. Read on for more on military schools in Texas, past and present.

An Overview of Military Schools in Texas

Texas is not the only stated which has experienced a lessening in the number of military schools, and an overview of what has happened in Texas can provide some insight into what has happened elsewhere in the United States.

A large number of military schools opened in the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Some opened in times of peace, and others were formed under the impetus of an ongoing war. Changes in preparation for the Armed Forces, changes in attitudes toward the military, and other changes in society, along with discrete problems experienced by individual military schools, led to schools going out of business, moving to a new location, or changing their focus so that military studies were no longer central to their program.

Current Military Schools in Texas

Marine Military Academy is an all-boys college preparatory boarding school in Harlingen, Texas, serving grades 8–12 and having a Marine Corps Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps program. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). It was founded in 1965.

• TMI – The Episcopal School of Texas is a coeducational school in San Antonio, Texas, serving day students in grades 6–12 and boarding students in grades 8–12. It was formerly known as West Texas Military Academy. It is the oldest college preparatory school in the Southwest that is sponsored by the Episcopal Church. It is accredited by the Independent Schools Association of the Southwest (ISAS) and a member of the National Association of Episcopal Schools (NAES) and the Southwestern Association of Episcopal Schools (SAES), and the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS). It was founded in 1893.

Former Military Schools in Texas

First, we’ll share the stories of what happened to five of the military schools that are no longer in operation in Texas, and then list other schools.

• Allen Military Academy was founded in 1886 and had a military program until the 1980s. Now it is simply “Allen Academy.”

• Bastrop Military Institute was founded in 1851 as Bastrop Academy, and the boys’ portion became Bastrop Military Institute in 1857, training young men for the military in the Civil War. The military institute moved to Austin after the war ended, while the academy property in Bastrop became part of the Texas public school system in 1872.

• San Marcos Baptist Academy, founded in 1907, began a military training program in 1917. In the school year 2004–2005, the requirement was dropped. Currently only one semester of JROTC is required for HS boys.

• Schreiner Institute was founded as a military institute in 1917 and included both a secondary school and a junior college.  It ceased military training in 1971, and in 1973 it became a college only—Schreiner College.

• Texas Military College in Terrell, Texas opened in 1915 as a private school serving elementary (grades 3 through 7), high school, and junior college students. After World War II, during which it temporarily closed, due to a number of the faculty participating in the war effort, it was unable to reestablish a sufficient student body, and was dissolved.

Other military schools that have operated in the state of Texas include: Alamo Military Academy, Amarillo Military Academy, Austin Military Academy, Austin Normal Military School, Bishop Military Academy, Carlisle Military Institute, Chapultepec Military Academy, Corpus Christi Military Academy, El Paso Military Institute, Forest Military School, Fort Worth Military Academy, Garden Military Academy, Gideon’s Military Academy, Harding Military School, Harvard Military Academy, Lancaster Military Academy, Lowery-Phillips School, Lukin Military Academy, Moye Military School, Peacock Military Academy & College, St. Edwards Military Academy, Texas Monument & Military Institute, University Military School, and Westchester Military Academy.